Paul wrote his letter to Ephesus about 5 years after he left that city. He describes its Christians as holy people who were loyal to Christ. Paul had written to them previously (3:3-4), but now God guided him to write again. It is this later letter that we find in our Bibles. In 2 Peter 3:15-16, Peter mentions Paul’s letters and the wisdom that they contain. He says there that Paul’s letters have the same authority as the rest of the Bible.
From: usefulbible.com – by Keith Simons
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New Testament: Ephesians 1:1-23
Summary: Spiritual Blessings in Christ, Thanksgiving and Prayer
Christ rules over all
Far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come.
~ Ephesians 1:21
Each country has a king, president or other ruler who has greater authority than anyone else in that country. Usually, the tradition is that he uses his signature to give legal authority to the government’s laws and declarations. It is his name, therefore, that causes everyone to recognise his power, authority and honour. His name has greater authority than any other name in that country.
God the Father has given to Christ, his Son, that kind of power and authority over all things (Matthew 28:18; see also Psalms 2 and 110). So, Revelation 19:16 calls him the ‘King of kings’; in other words, the King who has authority over all kings and rulers. Of course not everyone accepts his authority now, but in the future, all people will give him honour (Philippians 2:9-11).
Christ rules both our natural world, and also the spirit world. When he makes his judgement, even his greatest enemies – death (1 Corinthians 15:25-26 and 15:54-57), hell and the devil – will have to obey him (Revelation 20:10-14). Even now, God controls the power of these evil forces (Job chapters 1 and 2; Romans 8:28-39), but in the end, Christ will completely defeat them.
Christ rules both heaven and earth. The most important angels (God’s special servants) in heaven are extremely powerful (Daniel 1
0:10-14), but they gladly accept Christ’s authority (Psalm 148:2). In fact, they constantly praise him and give him honour (Revelation 5:11-12).
Christ rules both the present and the future age. His rule will never end. In the present age, some people and some spirits do not accept his authority – but, at the end of the age, Christ will be their judge (Matthew 25:31-32). In the future age, his authority over all things and all people will be absolute (Revelation chapter 21). All will obey him. From: usefulbible.com – by Keith Simons
In writing to the Ephesians, Paul communicated core Gospel truths that are of vital importance to believers: that our actions are founded on what God has done for us; that our home is both in this world and in the heavenly realm; that we are set apart for God by Christ’s righteousness; and that God’s grace brings us peace that transcends all barriers. ~ Alistair Begg